Organic food is grown in a manner that is friendly for the environment as well as safe to eat. The goal is to work with nature instead of against it to get the supply of food that is needed out there. Many people are concerned about the negative effects of conventional farming methods.
There are some common problems when growing fruits and vegetables. There are pests that want to eat them as well. Conventional methods allow the use of pesticides to control them as well as herbicides to get rid of weeds. With organic foods though no chemicals are used. Natural compost is used as fertilizer and traps are used to get rid of the pests. Weeds are pulled by hand or removed with machines as well.
With organic food processing though the soil is able to maintain a great deal of the nutrients. In fact, in many areas the compost that is used for fertilizer can actually help the soil to be better than it was in the past. This means that the ground isn't being depleted of anything and that future crops have an excellent chance of growing there.
In order to help the soil they also rotate the fields where they grow the crops. For example they may have a few of them open right now so that next year they can grow crops in them and open up a few others. This break in production helps the soil to have the chance to recuperate and to thrive.
Organic food also refers to the raising of animals in a manner where the food from them is better. For example the meat we get from pigs and cows as well as the eggs we get from chickens. These animals are raised without being given medications, hormones, or other elements that aren't healthy for them or for humans to get when they eat these sources of food. These animals are also fed organic foods to further enhance the purity of what they have to offer.
In order for products on the market to be certified as organic they have to meet some strict guidelines. The land must be free from all use of chemicals for at least the past three years. Annual inspections have to be conducted on that land as well as soil testing to confirm this. Records of all their activities and what methods they use have to be recorded. Those documents can be asked for and reviewed at any time by the USDA.
Positive methods must also be implemented and followed in order to successful control pests and to improve the overall quality of the soil. Meeting all of these guidelines is time consuming as well as challenging. Yet there are many farmers out there willing to complete the process in order to provide food that is chemical free. They also are able to make a profit on the food sources that they provide in such a manner.
You will find various sources of organic food out there at supermarkets these days. More grocery stores are giving consumers the choice of these chemical free products. While they do cost more it is due to the fact that they cost much more to process. You can also get them from farm markets out there where they proudly sell what they have grown on their own land locally.
More farmers are considering the fact that organic food really is a great way to offer great food supplies and to protect the environment. The process has really caught on in countries all over the world.